B – Walser Dwelling-Houses or Stadel
The stadel are rural or country dwelling-houses built in wood and stone, two materials that can be found easily in our valley. Our houses were, especially in the past, built based on the agricultural and pastural functions they served. The stadel typically have a base structure in stone, this is where the stall was located. The upper floor was built in larchwood, a wood that was robust and resistent to rain and snow, this is where the pantry and hayloft were located. The upper and lower structures are joined together by pillars in the shape of a mushroom, the pillar or stem is in wood while the cap is in stone. This structure permitted air to circulate in the hayloft and so made sure the hay did not rot, but aboveall there were extremely useful in that they stopped mice from getting into the pantry.